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Vegetable roots are important, but how to maintain?

Source of the article:Xing Bo medicinePageviews:-issuing time:2016-09-04 00:00:00【Big in small
Summary : Vegetable root is the root, root is the foundation. Vegetable root quality determines the growth and development of vegetables is good or bad, also determines the quality of vegetables, the level of yield and the number of vegetable growers income. So, how can we conserve the roots of vegetable plants, so that the root of healthy growth? First, to strengthen the conservation of vegetable leaves. Second, to create good conditions for the use of root growth.

  Vegetable root is the root, root is the foundation. Vegetable root quality determines the growth and development of vegetables is good or bad, also determines the quality of vegetables, the level of yield and the number of vegetable growers income.

  Vegetable roots have three aspects: First, absorption. Can absorb moisture and nutrients. Absorb water, to meet the needs of leaf transpiration and the results of the needs. Absorption of nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium and trace elements in soil to meet the various physiological needs of vegetable plants. Second, support. Play a role of a pillar, so that vegetable plants stand in the soil, so that the upper leaves and fruits can be dependent. Third, synthesis. Root synthesis of many endogenous hormones to meet the physiological needs of vegetable growth.

  So, how can we conserve the roots of vegetable plants, so that the root of healthy growth?

  First, to strengthen the conservation of vegetable leaves. "Roots rely on leaves, leaves rely on the root length." Vegetable roots and leaves are interdependent, interdependent, mutual promotion and indispensable relationship. Vegetable plant leaves at a certain temperature during the day, with the sun light as a driving force for photosynthesis manufacturing nutrients, these nutrients down part of the transport to the roots, the roots of good, root to growth and development. The fertilizer applied to the ground, nitrogen, phosphorus, potassium and other nutrients can not be rooted, only for root absorption and utilization, and then transported through the vegetable plants to the stems, leaves, fruit is used, or in photosynthesis Process. Therefore, it can be said that the application of fertilizer can not be directly rooted underground, but leaves photosynthesis production of photosynthetic products to keep the roots, root growth promoted the absorption of the above mineral nutrition. Some local farmers often blindly knock down the lower leaves of vegetable plants, but also to save time and destroyed more often, the normal growth of vegetables and the results of a great impact. If the first spike of tomato plant leaves not leave leaves, resulting in the first spike fruit is very slow expansion, and some grow up, but also cause root growth difficulties, even if the fertilizer will not be the majority of the root absorption and utilization. Some farmers to the tomatoes to stay enough fruit, the direct light on the top of the ear around the leaves, resulting in the growth of this spike fruit difficult place in the light also occurred on burning. Cucumber needs 16 ~ 20 functional leaves, in order to ensure normal growth and high and stable yield of plants. Therefore, blindly playing leaves is very harmful, especially in the lower part of the plant leaves, these leaves are the source of organic nutrition, is designed for storage of these nutrients for root use. In this regard, we should focus on protecting the lower leaves, playing leaves to light, do not play too much at one time. Improve plant resistance to prevent pests and diseases, to ensure healthy leaves, photosynthesis normal; a reasonable spray with chitin, salicylic acid and other foliar fertilizer, and enhance the leaf blade to enhance the leaf, The enzyme activity, improve photosynthetic efficiency.

  Second, to create good conditions for the use of root growth. Soil to be fertile, good ventilation. If the organic fertilizer is little, only the use of various chemical fertilizers to grow vegetables, will make the physical and chemical properties of soil deterioration, the root system is not easy to stretch, poor ventilation, especially in winter water caused by poor ventilation often cause retting root rot. Therefore, soil fertility is a key part of vegetable production. Fertilization should grasp the three aspects.

  (A) the rational use of organic fertilizer. Increased manure and other organic manure is undoubtedly to increase soil organic matter, an important means to improve the soil structure can be applied chicken manure 10 to 15 square / acres, can also be turned with the ground into the crushed crop stalks 50 to 60 square / , In order to increase the content of organic matter in the soil, improve soil aggregate structure, improve soil permeability.

  (B) emphasis on scientific formula fertilization. For the new vegetable land and poor soil fertility of vegetable, a variety of nutrient deficiencies, especially in trace elements, must be based on the needs of different vegetables to make up the situation in advance to avoid the lack of vegetables symptoms of deficiency. Can be applied in the base of chicken manure and other organic fertilizers, with the application of 80 to 100 kg / acre compound fertilizer, rich in trace elements in the fertilizer 20 to 30 kg / mu.

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  (C) to increase bio-fertilizer. A large number of experiments show that bio-fertilizer can significantly improve soil structure, improve soil fertility, and promote the growth and development of vegetable roots. Therefore, the supplement of bio-fertilizer is to enhance soil fertility, promote root growth is an important measure. In the basal application of organic manure at the same time into the biological fertilizer 20 ~ 60kg / mu, so that not only can significantly improve soil aggregate structure and physical and chemical properties, inhibition of vegetable root disease (especially for various soil-borne diseases), and Increase production and income effect is very obvious.


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